DSA - The Driving Standards Agency have produced a syllabus, which covers all aspects of learning to drive a car.
This syllabus is the course you must learn in order to pass the practical driving test. Make also sure that your driving instructor also teaches the full syllabus.
You should progress through five skill levels as you learn the syllabus. Once you have reached level five you should be ready to take your driving licence test.
The five skill levels are:
Under full instruction
lndependentle is carried out by the Driver & Vehicle Agency (DVA)
The current DSA is
Have a good knowledge of the Highway Code is important. You should start learning highway code before you start your driving lessons.
Cockpit drills are the checks you should make before staring the engine.
Vehicle Safety Checks
The vehicle safety checks are designed to test your knowledge and understanding of basic car maintenance. In the beginning of the practical driving test you will be asked one show me and one tell me question. If you fail to answer in one or both of the questions correctly it will make a one minor fault in your score.
Controls and Instruments
You will need to understand the function of all controls and switches in the car, especially those that relate to road safety.
Foot controls: accelerator, clutch, foot brake.
Hand controls: parking brake, steering wheel, indicators, gear stick.
You will also need to use indicators, lights, windscreen wipers, demisters and heaters.
You should never need to look at a control before (or while) using it.
You will also need to tell the function and meaning of your car's hazard warning lights.
You will need to be able to deal safely and confidently with meeting, crossing and overtaking other vehicles. Meeting traffic - give way to oncoming traffic when obstacles such as parked cars block your side of the road. On narrow roads you should be prepared to use passing places.
Crossing traffic - when turning right you must position you car correctly, as close to the centre of the road as it is safe to do so, give way to oncoming traffic, make the turn without cutting the corner or taking the turn too widely.
Overtaking - know when it is legal and safe to overtake. Check and assess the speed and position of vehicles behind you, in front and coming towards you.
All the above require appropriate use of the MSM and PSL routines.
Moving Away and Stopping
Knowing the correct procedures for moving away and stopping is necessary. You will need to show that you can use these manoeuvres safely and under control while on the level and on a hill. As with all manoeuvres you will need to use the MSM and PSL routines.
MSM routine (Mirror - Signal - Manoeuvre)
Mirror - using your mirrors to check the position of traffic around and behind you.
Signal - showing others what you intend to do. Always signal early enough.
Manoeuvre - a change in position or speed.
PSM routine (Position - Speed - Look )
Position - position your car correctly for the move you want to make.
Speed - adjust your speed so it is appropriate for the manoeuvre
Look - have a final look to check it's safe before you start to steer.
Safe Road Positioning
You must show that you are able to drive in the correct position for the road on which you are driving.
You must be able to respond to the positions of other road users.
You will need to understand how other vehicles for example buses and motorcycles, need to position themselves and how their presence will effect where you position your vehicle.
You must be able to follow the rules and principles of lane discipline.
Use of Mirrors
Mirrors should be used regularly. You must be also aware of the presence of others in blind spots. Early use of mirrors must be made before signalling, changing direction and speed, and as part of the mirror-signal-manoeuvre routine.
You should understand blind spots and how to deal with them.
You will need the knowledge and understanding to give clear, well-timed signals to other road users and have the ability to respond correctly to signals given by other road users.
Anticipation and Planning
You will need to be able to identify emerging hazards and respond to them safely. Constant observation is key to this. You will need to:
Think and plan ahead and anticipate the actions of others road users.
identify hazards from clues and respond to them safely
recognise times, places and conditions which mean there is a higher risk.
Demonstrate safe attitudes when dealing with vulnerable road users such as pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists and horse riders.
Use of Speed
Safe and reasonable progress should be made according to the road, weather and traffic conditions, the road signs and speed limits.
You will need to know:
the various speed limits and restrictions for different types of road
how weather conditions affect the speed you use
the stopping distances for your vehicle in different conditions
how to calculate a safe separation distance between yourself and the vehicle in front
You will need to recognize and identity the different types of road junction and be able to negotiate them safely and without holding up other road users unnecessarily.
You will need to have a full understanding of the rules which apply to approaching and negotiating roundabouts. You will need to demonstrate that you can use them safely and confidently.
You will need to know the different procedures needed to negotiate standard and mini roundabouts.
When dealing with any roundabout you must:
Show effective use of the MSM and PSL routines
position your car correctly
use the correct lane on your approach and when on the roundabout
use the correct procedure on your exit from the roundabout
You will need to understand how some weather conditions will affect driving conditions. The primary affects will be on your:
You will need to know
the warning signs and signals that may need to be used
when to use your lights and which lights to use in poor visibility
how to avoids skidding and aquaplaning and what to do if they do occur
You will need to know the rules which apply to all pedestrian crossings and you will need to understand the differences between each type of crossing.
You will need to be able to safely negotiate all types of crossings and show:
an ability to recognise different types of crossing
use of the correct speed when approaching a crossing
an understanding of how different weather conditions affect your ability to see and stop safely
a knowledge of when you need to stop for pedestrians who are using the crossing
You must be able to drive safely and with confidence all all types of dual carriageway.
You must demonstrate you understand the rules and procedures of joining, using and leaving a dual carriageway.
You must be able to perform all the manoeuvres safely and under control. They include:
turn in the road (three point turn)
reversing round a corner
You must be able to perform an emergency stop safely and under control. To safely stop your car as quickly as possible while keeping for control you need to know
You will need to demonstrate that you:
can co-ordinate the brake and clutch pedals so the car comes to stop under full control
know weather or not your car has ABS
know how different road and weather conditions can affect the way you stop
can control a skid if one occurs
know how to move away safely from an emergency stop